Saturday, April 26, 2014

           
Cricket World Cup



The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the

 International Cricket Council (ICC), with preliminary qualification rounds leading up to a finals tournament which is held every four years. The tournament is one of the world's most viewed sporting events, ranked behind only the FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics, and is considered the "flagship event of the international cricket calendar" by the ICC.
The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975, with the first ODI cricket match having been played only four years prior. However, a separate Women's Cricket World Cup had been held two years before the first men's tournament, and a tournament involving multiple international teams had been held as early as 1912, when a "triangular" tournament of Test matches was played between Australia, England and South Africa. Each of the first three World Cups were held in England. From the 1987 tournament onwards, hosting has been shared between countries under an unofficial rotation system, with fourteen ICC members having hosted at least one match in the tournament. Hosting of a single edition is often shared between neighbouring countries—the tournament's most recent edition (held in 2011 and won by India, was shared between Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka.

History
Before the first Cricket World Cup
The first ever international cricket match was played between Canada and the United States, on the 24 and 25 September 1844. However, the first credited Test match was played in 1877 between Australia and England, and the two teams competed regularly for The Ashes in subsequent years. South Africa was admitted to Test status in 1889. Representative cricket teams were selected to tour each other, resulting in bilateral competition. Cricket was also included as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games, where Great Britain defeated France to win the gold medal.This was the only appearance of cricket at the Summer Olympics.
The first multilateral competition at international level was the 1912 Triangular Tournament, a Test cricket tournament played in England between all three Test-playing nations at the time: England, Australia and South Africa. The event was not a success: the summer was exceptionally wet, making play difficult on damp uncovered pitches, and attendances were poor, attributed to a "surfeit of cricket". In subsequent years, international Test cricket has generally been organised as bilateral series: a multilateral Test tournament was not organised again until the quadrangular Asian Test Championship in 1999.
The number of nations playing Test cricket increased gradually over the years, with the addition of West Indies in 1928, New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, and Pakistan in 1952, but international cricket continued to be played as bilateral Test matches over three, four or five days.
In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket which only lasted for one day. Starting in 1962 with a four-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup, and continuing with the inaugural Gillette Cup in 1963, one-day cricket grew in popularity in England. A national Sunday League was formed in 1969. The first One-Day International event was played on the fifth day of a rain-aborted Test match between England and Australia at Melbourne in 1971, to fill the time available and as compensation for the frustrated crowd. It was a forty over match with eight balls per over. In the late 1970s, Kerry Packer established the rival World Series Cricket (WSC) competition, and it introduced many of the features of One Day International cricket that are now commonplace, including coloured uniforms, matches played at night under floodlights with a white ball and dark sight screens, and, for television broadcasts, multiple camera angles, effects microphones to capture sounds from the players on the pitch, and on-screen graphics. The first of the matches with coloured uniforms was the WSC Australians in wattle gold versus WSC West Indians in coral pink, played at VFL Park in Melbourne on 17 January 1979. The success and popularity of the domestic one-day competitions in England and other parts of the world, as well as the early One-Day Internationals, prompted the ICC to consider organising a Cricket World Cup.


2011
The 2011 Cricket World Cup was jointly hosted by India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Pakistan were stripped of their hosting rights following the terrorist attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team, with the games originally scheduled for Pakistan redistributed to the other host countries.
The 2011 World Cup was the tenth edition of the tournament. Fourteen teams participated, split into two pools of seven teams each. The top four teams from each group qualified for the quarter-finals. India won their second World Cup title by beating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the final in Mumbai, thus becoming the first country to win the Cricket World Cup final on home soil.India's Yuvraj Singh was declared the man of the tournament. This is first time in World cup history that two Asian teams appeared in final. This was also the first time since 1992 World Cup that the final match did not feature Australia. India and Sri Lanka between them have made it to the finals of all World Cup tournaments in this millennium 

Future
The next World Cups will be hosted by Australia and New Zealand in 2015, England and Wales in 2019 and India in 2023.


Trophy 

The current trophy is made from silver and gild, and features a golden globe held up by three silver columns. The columns, shaped as stumps and bails, represent the three fundamental aspects of cricket: batting, bowling and fielding, while the globe characterises a cricket ball. It stands 60 cm high and weighs approximately 11 kilograms. The names of the previous winners are engraved on the base of the trophy, with space for a total of twenty inscriptions.
The original trophy is kept by the ICC. A replica, which differs only in the inscriptions, is permanently awarded to the winning team.
Media coverage
The tournament is the world's third largest (with only the FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics exceeding it), being televised in over 200 countries to over 2.2 billion television viewers. Television rights, mainly for the 2011 and 2015 World Cup, were sold for over US$1.1 billion, and sponsorship rights were sold for a further US$500 million. The 2003 Cricket World Cup matches were attended by 626,845 people, while the 2007 Cricket World Cup sold more than 672,000 tickets.Successive World Cup tournaments have generated increasing media attention as One-Day International cricket has become more established. The 2003 World Cup in South Africa was the first to sport a mascot, Dazzler the zebra. An orange mongooses known as Mello was the mascot for the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Stumpy, a blue elephant was the mascot for the 2011 World Cup.
Tournament history

Year
Host Nation(s)
Final Venue
Final
Winner
Result
Runner-up
1975 
England
Lord's, London
291/8 (60 overs)
WI won by 17 runs
274 all out (58.4 overs)
1979
England
Lord's, London
286/9 (60 overs)
WI won by 92 runs
194 all out (51 overs)
1983
England
Lord's, London
183 all out (54.4 overs)
Ind won by 43 runs
140 all out (52 overs)
1987
India, Pakistan
Eden Gardens, Kolkata
253/5 (50 overs)
Aus won by 7 runs
246/8 (50 overs)
1992
Australia, New Zealand
MCG, Melbourne
249/6 (50 overs)
Pak won by 22 runs
227 all out (49.2 overs)
1996
India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore
245/3 (46.2 overs)
SL won by 7 wickets
241/7 (50 overs)
1999
England
Lord's, London
133/2 (20.1 overs)
Aus won by 8 wickets 
132 all out (39 overs)
2003
South Africa, Zimbabwe, Kenya
Wanderers, Johannesburg
359/2 (50 overs)
Aus won by 125 runs
234 all out (39.2 overs)
2007
West Indies
Kensington Oval, Bridgetown
281/4 (38 overs)
Aus won by 53 runs (D/L) 
215/8 (36 overs)
2011
India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
277/4 (48.2 overs)
Ind won by 6 wickets
274/6 (50 overs)



2015 FIXTURES


Date and TimeMatch
Sat Feb 14 (50 ovs)1st Match, Pool A - New Zealand v Sri Lanka
Hagley Oval, Christchurch

Sat Feb 14 (50 ovs)          2nd Match, Pool A - Australia v England
Melbourne Cricket Ground

Sun Feb 15 (50 ovs)          3rd Match, Pool B - South Africa v Zimbabwe
Seddon Park, Hamilton

Sun Feb 15 (50 ovs)          4th Match, Pool B - India v Pakistan
Adelaide Oval

Mon Feb 16 (50 ovs)5th Match, Pool B - Ireland v West Indies
Saxton Oval, Nelson

Tue Feb 17 (50 ovs)6th Match, Pool A - New Zealand v Scotland
University Oval, Dunedin

Wed Feb 18 (50 ovs)          7th Match, Pool A - Afghanistan v Bangladesh
Manuka Oval, Canberra

Thu Feb 19 (50 ovs)8th Match, Pool B - United Arab Emirates v Zimbabwe
Saxton Oval, Nelson

Fri Feb 20 (50 ovs)          9th Match, Pool A - New Zealand v England
Westpac Stadium, Wellington

Sat Feb 21 (50 ovs)10th Match, Pool B - Pakistan v West Indies
Hagley Oval, Christchurch

Sat Feb 21 (50 ovs)          11th Match, Pool A - Australia v Bangladesh
Brisbane Cricket Ground, Woolloongabba, Brisbane

Sun Feb 22 (50 ovs)12th Match, Pool A - Afghanistan v Sri Lanka
University Oval, Dunedin

Sun Feb 22 (50 ovs)          13th Match, Pool B - India v South Africa
Melbourne Cricket Ground

Mon Feb 23 (50 ovs)14th Match, Pool A - England v Scotland
Hagley Oval, Christchurch

Tue Feb 24 (50 ovs)          15th Match, Pool B - West Indies v Zimbabwe
Manuka Oval, Canberra

Wed Feb 25 (50 ovs)          16th Match, Pool B - Ireland v United Arab Emirates
Brisbane Cricket Ground, Woolloongabba, Brisbane

Thu Feb 26 (50 ovs)17th Match, Pool A - Afghanistan v Scotland
University Oval, Dunedin

Thu Feb 26 (50 ovs)          18th Match, Pool A - Bangladesh v Sri Lanka
Melbourne Cricket Ground

Fri Feb 27 (50 ovs)          19th Match, Pool B - South Africa v West Indies
Sydney Cricket Ground

Sat Feb 28 (50 ovs)          21st Match, Pool A - New Zealand v Australia
Eden Park, Auckland

Sat Feb 28 (50 ovs)          20th Match, Pool B - India v United Arab Emirates
Western Australia Cricket Association Ground, Perth

Sun Mar 1 (50 ovs)22nd Match, Pool A - England v Sri Lanka
Westpac Stadium, Wellington

Sun Mar 1 (50 ovs)          23rd Match, Pool B - Pakistan v Zimbabwe
Brisbane Cricket Ground, Woolloongabba, Brisbane

Tue Mar 3 (50 ovs)          24th Match, Pool B - Ireland v South Africa
Manuka Oval, Canberra

Wed Mar 4 (50 ovs)          25th Match, Pool B - Pakistan v United Arab Emirates
McLean Park, Napier

Wed Mar 4 (50 ovs)          26th Match, Pool A - Australia v Afghanistan
Western Australia Cricket Association Ground, Perth

Thu Mar 5 (50 ovs)27th Match, Pool A - Bangladesh v Scotland
Saxton Oval, Nelson

Fri Mar 6 (50 ovs)          28th Match, Pool B - India v West Indies
Western Australia Cricket Association Ground, Perth

Sat Mar 7 (50 ovs)          29th Match, Pool B - Pakistan v South Africa
Eden Park, Auckland

Sat Mar 7 (50 ovs)          30th Match, Pool B - Ireland v Zimbabwe
Bellerive Oval, Hobart

Sun Mar 8 (50 ovs)31st Match, Pool A - New Zealand v Afghanistan
McLean Park, Napier

Sun Mar 8 (50 ovs)          32nd Match, Pool A - Australia v Sri Lanka
Sydney Cricket Ground

Mon Mar 9 (50 ovs)          33rd Match, Pool A - England v Bangladesh
Adelaide Oval

Tue Mar 10 (50 ovs)          34th Match, Pool B - India v Ireland
Seddon Park, Hamilton

Wed Mar 11 (50 ovs)          35th Match, Pool A - Scotland v Sri Lanka
Bellerive Oval, Hobart

Thu Mar 12 (50 ovs)          36th Match, Pool B - South Africa v United Arab Emirates
Westpac Stadium, Wellington

Fri Mar 13 (50 ovs)          37th Match, Pool A - New Zealand v Bangladesh
Seddon Park, Hamilton

Fri Mar 13 (50 ovs)          38th Match, Pool A - Afghanistan v England
Sydney Cricket Ground

Sat Mar 14 (50 ovs)          39th Match, Pool B - India v Zimbabwe
Eden Park, Auckland

Sat Mar 14 (50 ovs)          40th Match, Pool A - Australia v Scotland
Bellerive Oval, Hobart

Sun Mar 15 (50 ovs)41st Match, Pool B - United Arab Emirates v West Indies
McLean Park, Napier

Sun Mar 15 (50 ovs)          42nd Match, Pool B - Ireland v Pakistan
Adelaide Oval
Wed Mar 18 (50 ovs)          1st Quarter-Final - TBC v TBC (A1 v B4)
Sydney Cricket Ground

Thu Mar 19 (50 ovs)          2nd Quarter-Final - TBC v TBC (A2 v B3)
Melbourne Cricket Ground

Fri Mar 20 (50 ovs)          3rd Quarter-Final - TBC v TBC (A3 v B2)
Adelaide Oval

Sat Mar 21 (50 ovs)          4th Quarter-Final - TBC v TBC (A4 v B1)
Westpac Stadium, Wellington

Tue Mar 24 (50 ovs)          1st Semi-Final - TBC v TBC
Eden Park, Auckland

Thu Mar 26 (50 ovs)          2nd Semi-Final - TBC v TBC
Sydney Cricket Ground

Sun Mar 29 (50 ovs)          Final - TBC v TBC
Melbourne Cricket Ground



So, all the Cricket Players & fans.. Get ready 4 this time's World Cup-15.... Cheer loudly for ur team..

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